Tinnitus, get rid of the buzzing !
After countless medical images, consultations with ear, nose and throat specialists and medical prescriptions, some patients who find no relief turn to alternative therapies such as osteopathy. Osteopathy has demonstrated the existence of a link between certain types of tinnitus and the somatosensory system (nervous system allowing conscious and unconscious perception).
Here are the 6 most known causes :
Traumatic in origin
Musicians or MP3 player enthusiasts damage the auditory cortex, which leads to hearing loss.
Medications identified as ototoxic
In the long term they cause tinnitus and irreversible hearing loss.
Generally provokes low-pitched tinnitus.
Can cause “pulsatile” tinnitus (rhythmic sounds, beats)
Causes the compression of vessels.
The articulation of the jaw in this condition,
Theoretically, the conditions of TMJ could cause a dysfunction in the middle ear via anatomical connections existing between these structures. But recent anatomical studies do not confirm the possibility of triggering the movements of the ossicles of the middle ear by traction of the diverse ligaments of this joint.
Thanks to the shared enervation with the trigeminal nerve, the neuromuscular dysfunction of the masticator muscles can cause a hypertonia reflex of the middle ear muscles as well as a myoclonus (rapid muscular contraction, weak and involuntary) of the palate that can be responsible for tinnitus.
The appearance of somatosensory tinnitus is linked to one or more of the following factors:
- Cranial and/or cervical trauma,
- Dental, cervical or jaw manipulations,
- Chronic pain of the head, the neck or the pectoral girdle,
- Simultaneous increase of tinnitus and the associated pain,
- Incorrect posture at rest, when walking, at work or during sleep,
- Diurnal and/or nocturnal bruxism.
Some patients spontaneously report information that leads the medical practitioner to suspect this type of tinnitus. Such as:
- Strong muscular contractions of the head, neck and limbs,
- Pressure exerted on the temporomandibular joint or at the base of the skull,
- Orofacial movements or movements of the fingers,
- Cutaneous or electric stimulation of the hand,
- Ocular movements temporarily change the perception of tinnitus.
The exact mechanisms are not well known and the bibliography does not offer real proof of the efficiency of the various therapies that are currently offered. However, the existence of this type of tinnitus confirms the need for a multi-disciplinary approach.
The minute exploration and a well-aimed intervention by various specialists can improve the quality of care for patients suffering from tinnitus.